Momenteel niet verkrijgbaar. If they changed colour, the wearer was thought to have reason to fear the approach of doom. The lustre of turquoise is typically waxy to subvitreous, and its transparency is usually opaque, but may be semitranslucent in thin sections.  Despite being one of the oldest gems, probably first introduced to Europe (through Turkey) with other Silk Road novelties, turquoise did not become important as an ornamental stone in the West until the 14th century, following a decline in the Roman Catholic Church's influence which allowed the use of turquoise in secular jewellery. Arizona is currently the most important producer of turquoise by value. Turquoise Marilyn by Andy Warhol Warhol used a wide range of colors especially in his numerous Marilyn paintings (there are Marilyn in silver, mint, pink, blue, turquoise, lemon and other colors) to underline her image as a public symbol, a cultural product. Bekijk de profielen van mensen met de naam Marilyn de Turks. Turquoise deposits probably form in more than one way. Despite its low hardness relative to other gems, turquoise takes a good polish. While strong sky blues remain superior in value, mottled green and yellowish material is popular with artisans. De kalmte die het uitstraalt ervaar je ook als je overdag in deze badplaats bent. The copper is redeposited in more concentrated form as a copper porphyry, in which veins of copper sulfide fill joints and fractures in the rock. Crystals, even at the microscopic scale, are rare. In an attempt to recoup profits and meet demand, some American turquoise is treated or enhanced to a certain degree. Lesser material may be carved into fetishes, such as those crafted by the Zuni. The overlying beds were presumably the source of the copper, which precipitated as turquoise in nodules, horizontal seams, or vertical joints in the sandstone beds. While quite fine material is sometimes found, rivalling Iranian material in both colour and durability, most American turquoise is of a low grade (called "chalk turquoise"); high iron levels mean greens and yellows predominate, and a typically friable consistency in the turquoise's untreated state precludes use in jewelry. We weten niet of en wanneer dit item weer op voorraad is. Turquoise Marilyn is on Facebook. The mother rock or matrix in which turquoise is found can often be seen as splotches or a network of brown or black veins running through the stone in a netted pattern; this veining may add value to the stone if the result is complementary, but such a result is uncommon. A guard stands near the painting Turquoise Marilyn by Andy Warhol during a media preview on April 1, 2009 of a exhibition on loan to Sotheby's New York entitled Women. Turquoise Marilyn, Andy Warhol Cross Stitch Pattern, Painting Cross Stitch Pattern PDF AlitonEmbroidery. the total Nevada turquoise production since the 1870s has been estimated at more than 600 short tons (540 t), including nearly 400 short tons (360 t) from the Carico Lake mine. 4H 2 O.It is rare and valuable in finer grades and has been prized as a gemstone and ornamental stone for thousands of years owing to its unique hue. Believing that she meant she wanted to photograph the paintings, Warhol agreed. Like most other opaque gems, turquoise has been devalued by the introduction onto the market of treatments, imitations and synthetics. The colour of Sinai material is typically greener than that of Iranian material but is thought to be stable and fairly durable. Bekijk onze turquoise selectie voor de allerbeste unieke of custom handgemaakte items uit onze shops. Een stukje turkoois. Turquoise was among the first gems to be mined, and many historic sites have been depleted, though some are still worked to this day. The two most important of these mines, from a historical perspective, are Serabit el-Khadim and Wadi Maghareh, believed to be among the oldest of known mines. People who practise holistic medicine say that turquoise has a calming effect on patients. Some destructive tests may be necessary; for example, the application of diluted hydrochloric acid will cause the carbonates odontolite and magnesite to effervesce and howlite to turn green, while a heated probe may give rise to the pungent smell so indicative of plastic. Andy Warhol was fascinated with fame for himself, but also of those that were famous. Other notable localities include: Afghanistan; Australia (Victoria and Queensland); north India; northern Chile (Chuquicamata); Cornwall; Saxony; Silesia; and Turkestan. They use this color to treat patients prone to panic attacks or mania. 4H2O. Deposition takes place mostly in the potassic alteration zone, which is characterized by conversion of existing feldspar to potassium feldspar and deposition of quartz and micas at a temperature of 400–600 °C (752–1,112 °F), Turquoise is a secondary or supergene mineral, not present in the original copper porphyry. Die skip het 'n vervoerkapasiteit van 4468 TEU. It is rare and valuable in finer grades and has been prized as a gemstone and ornamental stone for thousands of years owing to its unique hue. Marilyn on naisenimi.. 2019. aasta seisuga oli see Eestis esinemissageduselt 758. naisenimi. 5 out of 5 stars (2,049) 2,049 reviews. This process took place at a relatively shallow depth, and by 1965 the mines had "bottomed" at a depth averaging just 9 meters (30 ft) below the surface. Rustig gelegen tussen de pijnbomen met een apart zwembad én eigen ober. The Southwest United States is a significant source of turquoise; Arizona, California (San Bernardino, Imperial, Inyo counties), Colorado (Conejos, El Paso, Lake, Saguache counties), New Mexico (Eddy, Grant, Otero, Santa Fe counties) and Nevada (Clark, Elko, Esmeralda County, Eureka, Lander, Mineral County and Nye counties) are (or were) especially rich. Most of the pieces made today, with turquoise usually roughly polished into irregular cabochons set simply in silver, are meant for inexpensive export to Western markets and are probably not accurate representations of the original style. It consists of four canvases, each a square measuring 40 inches and each consisting of a painting of Marilyn Monroe, each shot through in the forehead by a single bullet. Only one mine in California, located at Apache Canyon, operates at a commercial capacity today. While rarely encountered today, odontolite was once mined in large quantities—specifically for its use as a substitute for turquoise—in southern France. Marilyn Kerro Typically the form is a vein or fracture filling, nodular, or botryoidal in habit. Its streak is a pale bluish white, and its fracture is conchoidal, leaving a waxy lustre. Colour is as variable as the mineral's other properties, ranging from white to a powder blue to a sky blue and from a blue-green to a yellowish green. Explore mrczarnecki's photos on Flickr. Bent u hier via een pagina in Wikipedia terechtgekomen? Unlike elsewhere in the US, most Nevada mines have been worked primarily for their gem turquoise and very little has been recovered as a byproduct of other mining operations.  Stalactite forms have been reported. Cabochons of imported turquoise, along with coral, was (and still is) used extensively in the silver and gold jewellery of Tibet and Mongolia, where a greener hue is said to be preferred. In the trade reconstituted turquoise is often called "block turquoise" or simply "block".  Podber doffed her pair of black gloves, withdrew a small revolver from her purse, and fired a shot into the stack of four "Marilyn" paintings, which became known as The Shot Marilyns. 4. It also adorned rings and great sweeping necklaces called pectorals. Turquoise is treated to enhance both its colour and durability (increased hardness and decreased porosity). It was initially named by Iranians "pērōzah" meaning "victory", and later the Arabs called it "fayrūzah", which is pronounced in Modern Persian as "fīrūzeh". Plastic and water glass treatments are far more permanent and stable than waxing and oiling, and can be applied to material too chemically or physically unstable for oil or wax to provide sufficient improvement. Turquoise is insoluble in all but heated hydrochloric acid. Single greeting card featuring Andy Warhol's iconic Turquoise Marilyn, a portrait of actress Marilyn Monroe on a turquoise background. The Ancient Egyptian use of turquoise stretches back as far as the First Dynasty and possibly earlier; however, probably the most well-known pieces incorporating the gem are those recovered from Tutankhamun's tomb, most notably the Pharaoh's iconic burial mask which was liberally inlaid with the stone.  With lower hardness comes lower specific gravity (2.60–2.90) and greater porosity; these properties are dependent on grain size. Additionally, Marco Polo reported turquoise found in present-day Sichuan. This takes place when hydrothermal fluids leach copper from a host rock, which is typically an intrusion of calc-alkaline rock with a moderate to high silica content that is relatively oxidized. Done. Pliny the Elder referred to the mineral as callais (from Ancient Greek κάλαϊς) and the Aztecs knew it as chalchihuitl. Since finer turquoise is often found as thin seams, it may be glued to a base of stronger foreign material for reinforcement. Het groene, geelgrijze, lichtblauwe, maar typisch blauwgroene turkoois heeft een wasglans en een vaal blauwwitte streepkleur.Het kristalstelsel is triklien en de splijting is perfect volgens het kristalvlak  en goed volgens ; overigens komt het nagenoeg alleen in cryptokristallijne vormen voor dus is de splijting in de praktijk niet waar te nemen. Article by Jennifer Gillespie. In de bosrijke, grote tuin van Turquoise Resort kom je heerlijk tot rust. Cerrillos, New Mexico is thought to be the location of the oldest mines; prior to the 1920s, the state was the country's largest producer; it is more or less exhausted today. 1. jaanuari 2019 seisuga oli Eestis eesnimi Marilyn 100 naisel. Andy Warhol was born 'Andrew Warhola' to Slovakian immigrant parents living in Pittsburgh in America. Care should therefore be taken when wearing such jewels: cosmetics, including sunscreen and hair spray, should be applied before putting on turquoise jewellery, and they should not be worn to a beach or other sun-bathed environment. X-ray diffraction testing shows its crystal system to be triclinic. Morenci and Turquoise Peak are either inactive or depleted. Other natural materials occasionally confused with or used in lieu of turquoise include: variscite and faustite; chrysocolla (especially when impregnating quartz); lazulite; smithsonite; hemimorphite; wardite; and a fossil bone or tooth called odontolite or "bone turquoise", coloured blue naturally by the mineral vivianite. (With some skill, oil and wax treatments can be restored. Some deposits, such as those of Saguache and Conejos Counties in Colorado or the Cerrillos Hills in New Mexico, are typical supergene deposits formed from copper porphyries. Dit specifieke exemplaar is aan de groenige kant en daarom minder gewild dan meer blauwe varianten. Backing of turquoise is not widely known outside of the Native American and Southwestern United States jewellery trade. The deposits of California and New Mexico were mined by pre-Columbian Native Americans using stone tools, some local and some from as far away as central Mexico. Early backing materials included the casings of old model T batteries, old phonograph records, and more recently epoxy steel resins. Uniformity of colour is desired, and in finished pieces the quality of workmanship is also a factor; this includes the quality of the polish and the symmetry of the stone. While a number of the Nevada deposits were first worked by Native Americans,[which?]  In the rainy winter months, miners face a risk from flash flooding; even in the dry season, death from the collapse of the haphazardly exploited sandstone mine walls may occur. The classical Iranian deposits are found in sandstones and limestones of Tertiary age were intruded by apatite-rich porphyritic trachytes and mafic rock. Gem-quality material, in the form of compact nodules, is found in the fractured, silicified limestone of Yunxian and Zhushan, Hubei province. Marilyn Monroe 1926. június 1-jén született Norma Jeane Mortenson néven a Los Angeles-i megyei kórházban, Gladys Pearl Baker (leánykori nevén Monroe, 1902–84) harmadik gyermekeként. The crystals, forming a druse over the mother rock, are very small; 1 mm (0.04 in) is considered large. Large-scale turquoise mining is not profitable today, but the deposits are sporadically quarried by Bedouin peoples using homemade gunpowder. The turquoise is also a stone in the Jewish High Priest's breastplate, described in Exodus chapter 28. turquoise-marilyn_andy-warhol Andy Warhol Turquoise Marilyn. Historically, light waxing and oiling were the first treatments used in ancient times, providing a wetting effect, thereby enhancing the colour and lustre. De baai is één van de mooiste van deze streek. Oiled and waxed stones are prone to "sweating" under even gentle heat or if exposed to too much sun, and they may develop a white surface film or bloom over time. Persian turquoise was often engraved with devotional words in Arabic script which was then inlaid with gold. Kamers zijn mooi. bila je američka filmska glumica, pjevačica, model i pop-ikona, svojedobno i dobitnica Zlatnoga globusa za najbolju glavnu glumicu. Turquoise prehistoric artifacts (beads) are known since the fifth millennium BCE from sites in the Eastern Rhodopes in Bulgaria – the source for the raw material is possibly related to the nearby Spahievo lead–zinc ore field.
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